The Personal Scientific study Animation Essay
This investigate document seemed to be undertaken to find out and review character drama in movement, and the distinct methods utilized to express emotion and spirit. The insurance policy is focused all over how an audience is definitely influenced just by techniques about character behaving, and what features contribute to the believability. Investigate of Here, http://alldrugs24h.com/, http://allpills24h.com/, http://buycialisonline24h.com/, http://buypills24h.com/, http://buypillsonline24h.com/, http://buysildenafilonline24h.com/, http://buytadalafilonline24h.com/, http://buyviagraonline24h.com/, http://cheapviagraonline.com/, http://help-essay.info/, http://orderviagracheap.com/, http://tadalafilsildenafil.com/, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here. various literature, articles plus online solutions have been embarked to aid the actual analysis plus conclusion.
The data researched, suggests that thought process has to occur before an action occurs by the charm. Developing a identity with sympathy through their own emotions can help the market relate to these folks, contributing to a good richer, more believable results. Various strategies are used to exhibit thought process along with emotion, however , discovery has led to the realizing that body language is often just as innovative without talk. Internal thought process is best indicated through a personalities eye exercises in conjunction with body language.
The essence this research document could be to gain a new deeper understanding and familiarity with how drama methods in character birth can be put to use and articulated to express inner thoughts through the screen of inside thought techniques in a charm. This study will look into the methods spent on animators to create the ‘illusion of life’ and discover how it can become believable and engaging in the audience.www.letusdothehomework.com/
“Acting is defined as the art of practise connected with representing a character on a phase or ahead of cameras plus derives from the Latin phrase ‘agere’, which means to do… an outdated meaning for those word working is living. ” (John Kundert-Gibbs, yr, p4)
Exploration will be placed on specific strategies to real/stage drama to develop a comprehension of working in persona animation.
Background into the Research
“Animate rapid verb /annimayt/ 1 . provide life or perhaps activity. some give (a film or maybe character) the appearance of movement by using animation.
preposition /annimt/ well; having existence.
Derives, tegnefilmstegner noun.
Source, Latin animare, from anima ‘life, soul’. ” (Oxford English Dictionary)
Animation have been thought to include originated more than 35, 000 years ago, following discovery associated with ancient wall structure paintings around places for instance Altamira plus Lascaux; which inturn depicted a variety of00 humans, objects and dogs as Rich Williams (2001, p13) describes, sometimes along with four frames of lower limbs to show actions. In the early on 1800’s, Williams shows (2001, p14-15) that there were a number of different instruments developed for any sole intent being creating an illusion of movement such as the Thaumatrope, the Phenakistoscope, the Zoetrope, the Paxinoscope and the Flipper book. Every one of devices was based on the rediscovery, in 1824, of ‘The persistence for vision’ through Peter Symbol Roget. The principle of this is placed,
“…on the belief that our face temporarily support the image of anything they’ve just viewed. ” (Williams, 2001, p13)
In 1896, this resulted in the interest involving Thomas Edison, who found themselves publicly launching a combination of blueprints, drawn simply by James Stuart Blackton, in sequence called ‘Humorous Phases connected with Funny Faces’.
Since then, we still have seen a number of approaches to the main genre associated with animation. Along with the rise connected with Disney animation studios, inside 1928, ‘Steamboat Willie’ had been introduced together with synchronised perfectly a new charm, Mickey Mouse. By way of 1936, ‘Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs’ was released which often received remarkable success. This has been the beginning of the ‘Golden Age’ regarding animation that had been shortly pursued by the popular Disney titles: Pinocchio, Dumbo, Bambi and Fantasia.
It was not until Don’t forget national, 1995 that will Toy Story, the first full-length computer living film was published by Pixar Animation Companies. This started another different era with animation. Ateliers like Dreamworks and Yellowish Sky quickly followed.
Behaving in computer animation has been followed as the primary factor for generating believability in the animated pattern,
“But to make these models work, the particular movements must be believable – which leads back in realism… The devices we want to obtain isn’t realism, it’s believability. ” (Williams, 2001, r. 34)
Most of animated working is designed to put in a character temperament and believability. Just like on stage behaving. Doron Meir (2008) describes that believable acting is caused by the crowd feeling a new character’s tactics of specific to it inner considerations. Williams (2001) notes that will animation ideas that were put together by Disney Studios very ahead of time, are still being used today in most types of cartoon to bring heroes to life.
Exactly how are emotions and internal notion processes expressed through strategies of representing in personality animation to help make characters believable and engaging on the audience?
Survey of Literature & Works
Acting certainly a broad area of interest, and can be used on many different genres of behaving for point and dslr camera. Animation has had a direct determine by the tactics and finds on how to portrait a character by way of movement. For this reason ‘To often the Actor: To the Technique of Acting’ by Michael jordan Chekhov is a perfect choice of which links straight to acting. Chekhov is certainly known for his particular in-depth behaving methods, possesses stood being an iconic educator for renowned actors these days. Chekhov indicates the methods useful to call up inner thoughts, develop personalities and develop awareness just as one actor. These things assist to develop unique ‘Psychological Gestures’ that he makes clear within the ebook, that demonstrate audience what are the character is trying to express through body language, and that is the key with a character’s believability in an super-hero sequence.
To buy a more particular understanding of the way characters go, and the key facts surrounding character animation for art, ‘The Animators Medical Guide’ by means of Richard Williams is an detailed manual within the style and also techniques about hand-drawn birth. Containing the exact principles utilized by animators to produce believable action.
“Williams have been one of the a fact innovators, as well as serves as a web site between the golden age of movement by hand and new personal pc animation positive results. ” (Williams, 2001, blurb)
Everything during this book deals with the overall purpose of producing a character that movements in a believable way. Drama relies on these types of techniques which might be shown thru drawing strategies to frame by frame toon. By adopting these solutions, animators may be taught to study the body structure of the body system to further understand how to produce productive animated personalities.
The analysis of how figures display experiencing needs to be evaluated throughout the research. ‘Acting for Animators’ by Impotence problems Hooks explains the proven methods for acting the fact that reflect style and experiencing within a figure. This publication takes us all through Hook’s lessons about acting and then the theoretical procedure behind his / her techniques. Responsiveness occurs a great deal in this arrange, answering the necessity to create personas with emotion, for the crowd to empathise with.
Analysis into personality movement in addition to acting just by example will permit the knowledge of tactics used in popular film. ‘Acting in Sprightliness: A Look at 10 Films’ is a second e book by Impotence problems Hooks, in which he studies twelve various animated movies, going through pg . by section, describing the actual expressive in addition to emotive methods used in every scene. Guided by most of these film articles, the solutions discovered thru research, is usually firmly reinforced.
Hypothetical Approach for choosing Data
Data shall be collected, analysed and exposed from a assortment of published extra sources which include: books, posts, web articles, web and truck sites and conventions. All info and mandatory information will likely be collected when it comes to research, but actually will not all possibly be related to the actual analysis connected with animation. Representing technique together with method could be the main theme source of analysis, which will gives a broader setting to platform opinions, creative ideas and imagination discovered in legitimate literature options by some people in the industry. Literary works sources that contains examples of shown practise be used to further put in force the topic of study.
Explanation of Offered Practise
By a prolonged discovery as well as analysis with regards to character acting in sprightliness, I prefer to produce at least six fascinating and doable artefacts this reflect the knowledge gained by this researching document, that will provide deeper understanding precisely emotion allows an viewers to empathise with an cartoon character. The actual preliminary style practise includes the development of critical character stances to emphasise unique emotions specifically influenced by way of an internal way of thinking. This will in that case indicate what sort of character is usually developed additional into a assortment of believable movement sequences. Each individual artefact plans to contain one of the 6 basic behavior, as stated by means of Ed Hook varieties,
“…happiness, amaze, fear, tempers, disgust and sadness…” (2000, p. 36)
Characters used will be designed and rigged by a supplementary source, that may provide a effortless, easy to use marionette for the purpose of cartoon. Dialogue is definitely not used, because may have as a thoughts from the emotions that are was executed to be attributed through mannerisms and skin expressions. Such artefacts will cover a clearer understanding of depths of the mind body motions that are usually overlooked.
Character animation can take a number of forms while in the context involving animation in the the traditional perception as well as in contemporary computer birth.
“The right after principles were definitely developed along with named:
one Squash and even Stretch… 2 . Timing as well as Motion… several. Anticipation… four. Staging… a few. Follow Through along with Overlapping… 6. Straight Ahead Activity and Pose-to-Pose… 7. Slower In together with Out… 8. Arcs… hunting for. Exaggeration… 20. Secondary Action… 11. Appeal…Personality in identity animation is a goal of all the above. ” (John Lasseter, 1987, pp. 35-44, twenty-one: 4)
Lasseter explains that these specific traditional animation guidelines and procedures developed within the 1930’s by just Walt Disney Studios need to be incorporated directly into all cartoon media “…especially character animation…” to develop personas look to get them to “…more real looking and entertaining” (Lasseter, 1987, pp. 35-44)
Richard Williams explains,
“The old awareness applies to any style of approach to the main medium regardless of the advances within technology. ” (2001, delaware. 20)
This unique shows that flourishing, believable animation of all forms have spawned on the structure and affect of these old fashioned principles and also techniques. Richard Williams furthermore tells us which, in relation to ‘classical’ and laptop or computer animation,
“Both share exactly the same problems showing how to give any performance utilizing movement, unwanted weight, timing as well as empathy. ” (2001, r. 20)
This kind of underlines an important factor into the progresses of solutions in cartoon, showing of which 3D animation software offers only make a technique involving animating not an easier way for you to influence believable movement.
“To make a character’s personality appear real to a audience, he must be different as opposed to the other figures on the television screen. A simple way to tell apart the people of your characters is with contrast of movement. No two characters would do the identical action in the same way. ” (1994)
Creating a special character, develops its personality. John Kricfalusi (2006) reminisced of how he got drawn in by Spinning chuck Jones’ shows, noticing the initial expressions your dog drew. Precisely as an example, the way in which he drags two white wines of the sight joined together, one larger than the other to create a “D-uh” expression.
You can see that originality is very important as soon as introducing attitude to a character, Chekhov (1953, p. 83) explains dedicated to characterisation, that particular features native to a nature; like a common movement, manner of speech, repeated habit, peculiar way of going for a walk and so on, conveys the ‘finishing touches’ with a character. Roles become more full of life and more individuals with this small-scale feature. Hook varieties (2000, k. 36) stated, “When all of us speak of creating the illusion for life on animation, this boils along not to personal habits and naturalistic movement, but to emotion”. Hooks continues to suggest that theoretically conversing, emotion could be the essential element of acting as being the point involving empathy in the audience. These sharp “claws”,
“Empathy will be as essential to compelling acting since oxygen would be to water. ” (2000, l. 9)
People of all information, in an attempt to make sure they are believable in an audience, must have a particular personality. The audience needs to be directly affected by any character’s on-screen emotion, to completely feel a sense empathy. Devoid of, the target audience will lose interest easily and also objectives in the storyline could diminish.
These sharp “claws” (2000, l. 41), shows Charlie Chaplin as one of the many influential comedians that employed a great deal of empathy in his give good results to touch typically the audiences’ emotions. He describes that his innovation as the performer has established a huge impact on the major comics and even animation. Simply because Chuck Smith has said
“I admire Chaplin very much when you could find out him believe that, and strategy, and you treated him. ” (Hooks, 2150, p. 40)
Chaplin’s distinctive relationship together with the audience includes seen a terrific influence with character sprightliness from the beginning associated with Walt Disney’s profession. John thomas Huemer (Hooks, 2000, delaware. 40), Disney storyman, informs us Walt previously had an image with Mickey Mouse like a little Chaplin.
In order to productively accomplish responsiveness within a charm, there really should be elements of personality to provoke emotions. These kinds of can be created through very simple recurring mannerisms that correlate with the character’s thoughts as well as actions. Atlanta divorce attorneys respect, the very audience requires to be the main affect when choosing a character’s actions.
Hooks states people express half a dozen basic behavior,
“…happiness, delight, fear, frustration, disgust as well as sadness…” (2000, p. 36)
He furthermore tells us there is disagreement on whether facelift expression is normally primarily a mirrored image of the inner emotional point out, or if simply a cultural ‘display’. These sharp “claws” concludes not wearing running shoes could be both, depending on the condition. Emotion might be expressed by both face treatment expression as well as body language, although the influence of each one method could be different. Williams (2001, delaware. 324) states that phrases should be retained to a lowest and as an animator, generate everything simply because clear as is feasible through mimodrame using only your system to tell situation. The movements of the overall body are thought in regards to lot more simply by animators in comparison with real actors, as computer animators have to ‘create’ it as an alternative to ‘do’ it all, although the external expressive nature of thoughts are identical. Different types of sentiments can be portrayed easily as Chekhov shows,
“…grasping or perhaps catching (greed, avarice, cupidity, miserliness)… estimated at with hands turned earthward… lusts to be able to overpower, for getting. ” (1953, p. 67)
Equally, Chekhov (1953, s. 73) describes here which in order to build up your people expressive the outdoors, hands along with arms need to act primary for example; hands and fingers up near the chin connotes unavoidability as well as loneliness, arms turned facing outward displays self-defense, self-protection and little humour can be evoked as soon as bending 3 middle palms of each hands. Hooks agrees,
“The the fact is that our arms and biceps are the a large number of expressive regions of our bodies”. (2000, r. 60)
An example to this, These sharp “claws” demonstrates,
“Arms folded round the chest point out that the individual is ‘closed’, intractable… If you find yourself embarrassed, everyone tend to greatly reduce in living space. ” (2000, p. 62)
This uncovers that many nonverbal communication patterns within human numbers are emphasised through the movement of fingers and biceps and triceps. Williams (2001, p. 324) explains a method called ‘Twinning’ where biceps and hands and wrists are carrying it out same thing, equally. He educates that this can be used to show ability by preachers, leaders, politicians and so forth. Kevan Shorey wants that,
“Symmetry is a good tool for adding compel to an activity to get a point across! ” (2008)
Both artists, believe that twinning should be cracked to avoid giving a specific mirror photo of motion that would generate unbelievable mail messages to the customers. Jeff Lew (2004) stated that to create twinning birth look better, the perspective regarding shot needs to be changed so they don’t literally look indistinguishable at a special camera direction.
Walt Disney in 1930s found which will expression is most beneficial when the full-body is concerned and not only the face area,
“Movement begins in the area of your company’s navel and also radiates outwards into your arms or legs. ” (Hooks, 2000, delaware. 60)
Steve Kricfalusi (2006) explains of which animators have got evolved a glance that has become considerably more stagy as compared with live motion by reading characters’ thoughts through body gestures and moves. Evidentially, cosmetic expressions aren’t enough to be able to provoke a meaningful experiencing, and that the full-body needs to be articulating through hand gestures in addition to arm activities to go with facial expression, to achieve a new believable emotion through a personality.
In an illustration from Doll Story 3, Hooks ideas,
“She (Jessie) doesn’t simply greet Woody enthusiastically, your woman turns him over and offers him nuggies! She throws him like this and that. Your girlfriend emotion is definitely leading her to energetically celebrate. ” (2005, l. 90)
This may be a specific example of how nonverbal communication is reflective emotion profitably. If this exact bit of behaving was acted on the time, or facing a video camera with authentic actors aid it would enjoy a different finish result. The experience may be comparable, but other wayss of emphasising actions employed in animation will be through hyperbole. Shawn Kelly (2009) tells us that they was taught to overstate something greater than it should be, then double this. Exaggeration has become the original computer animation principles. Lasseter (1987, pp. 35-44, 21 years old: 4) proposes exaggeration of characters with the animator has to be very carefully selected. If there is a lot of distortion it may possibly result in a great unrealistic look.
Looking to come back much earlier, to 1927, the classic movie “Sunrise: Your Song regarding Two Humans” was released. Without synchronised talk, films in this era was mandated to rely on the exact character’s representing and the saving compositions since the two key elements to the story.
“Sunrise is considered one of the many finest motion pictures of the muted era, plus Janet’s Gaynor’s performance is a its ideal virtues… The supple encounter and soulful eyes add a range of imagination and inner thoughts that pages of content of dialog could mainly suggest. ” (DeFreitas, 2009)
Later, DeFreitas (2009) tells us that Dawn became a success of the 1929 ‘Best Picture’ Oscar just for ‘Unique along with Artistic’ Manufacturing. This video sets for an evidential sort of how representing without normal gardening to organic can impact and empathise with an market just as decent, if not more consequently.
Often throughout animation, Lasseter (1987, pp. 35-44) clarifies that the eyesight can easily discover when the routine of a figure seems to stop functioning, which can discover as seeking particularly counterfeit and incredible. To cured this losing motion, Lasseter uses a ‘moving hold’ : which is a technique applied that carries on the action of a body system part following an action. This particular breaks up the actual animation along with results in a smoother and many more believable series. Preston Blair (Hooks, 2001, p. 60), states an actor don’t want to pause and not using a specific motive, and when a new pause comes about, it should be displayed for sufficiently long so the audience can sign-up it. These are both approaches that engage the target market into what are the character is certainly acting out and about.
Before some sort of movement about any kind can occur, reflected processes really need to become notable through the persona. Hooks sets out,
“Thinking can lead to ideas; emotion sometimes lead to thing. ” (2000, p. 1)
Hooks is a way of thinking as a process in finding a in sum. Lasseter (1994) mentions organization movement of the particular identity must are available for a explanation, and, eventually, develop emotions in a figure through their thought techniques. As an remark, before an athlete being applies his system into steps, a spirit must manifest. In toon, this way of thinking must be situations the visitors to underscore believability associated with an action who has just been revealed. To signify a way of thinking in a individuality, Disney animator/teacher Eric Larson shows a way, in Fluent Thomas along with Ollie Johnson’s ‘Illusion involving Life’,
“The subject little by little lowered the brows in to a frown tutorial paused instructions and then raised one brow and looked to the side, an individual immediately would likely sense an alteration from one consideration to another…” (Richard Williams, 2001, p. 320)
This action was basically discovered if your first Mickey Mouse shorts ended uphad been created, together with stands as the key element directly into how modify of look can magnify a thoughtful thought process. Shawn Kelly (2009) expresses this ideas, telling you that there isnt anything more very important than explaining a character’s thought process and changes that occur inside it towards provoke inner thoughts and physical activities. It is to these idea processes, they concludes, that will drives almost everything we perform. Looking at nature animation inside Toy Account 2, Hook varieties (2005, l. 87) talks about how Woody’s realisation that Andy moved to campy without them, leads them to their express despair (emotion) which then leads them to pull away to the back space, out of picture. He brings that,
“The more distinct the character’s thought process, the better the performance”. (2005, s. 87)
Spirit in figure animation, as stated, is very important pertaining to believability. It has been true for quit some time since the beginning of Disney’s ‘Golden Age’ in animation. Walt Disney said,
“In most instances, the driving force behind the action certainly is the mood, the very personality, often the attitude on the character-or all. Therefore , as their pharmicudical counterpart is the pilot. We think regarding things before the body should them. ” (Lasseter, 1987, pp. 35-44, 21: 4)
It is extensively agreed that will thought process is the most important building block to get perfected and even shown profitably in any computer animated character. Monthly bill Tytla (Hooks, 2005, l. 3), figured “the advertise is a defense mechanism something”. Barbs refers to Aristotle,
“Aristotle spoken this like a unity with action instructions small activities that lead to a larger action, and also objective. The following simple tip lies around the base of the acting way of thinking. An action with out using thought is impossible, as well as action lacking any objective is simply mechanical point, moving body parts. ” (Hooks, 2005, p. 4-5)
Aristotle finds the thought process associated with a character isolates a character with ‘life’ with a robotic, lifeless machine.
Many tools earlier, Richard Larson’s manner of showing your thought process in a very character is quite believable. And specifically, due to discovered that often the eyes are an important parts of the type to express together with emphasis those thoughts. Williams (2001, g. 325) states on how the particular eyes are the focal point that men and women watch within a character. For example, he notes,
“When playing on the phone typically the eyes western around inside of a Staccato trend reflecting often the listener’s alternating thoughts within reaction each of our eyes are pretty much never still. ” (2001, s. 326)
The main eyes, the very driving force associated with a character’s actions. Kelly agrees of which decisions may be reflected productively with the view,
“They may very often dart their face around a little as they think about and weigh up their options. It’s basically as if they are simply reading a great imaginary report on possible decisions! ” (2009)
Lasseter (1987), explains that will eyes business lead before the thing, and that the solely time that they wouldn’t prospect, would be when there was an external force acting upon the smoothness. He plugs further, which the trick towards showing thought process through the eye lids of a personality is with targets. The little brown eyes should proceed first, accompanied by the head after which it the rest of the shape.
“The eye lids of a nature are the house windows to it has the thoughts; the particular character’s opinions are disseminated through the steps of her eyes. ” (Lasseter, 1987)
As well as eyes movements, typically the timing as well as speed of your character’s blinks can also affect the outcome of what the heck is portrayed as the thought process. Kelly (2009), describes that different blinks may offer up our different awareness of the actual character is usually thinking.
“A ton about blinks can feel as though the smoothness is going to weep, is jittery, uncomfortable, beside, or possibly treated after a major build up; whilst very little to be able to no blinking will either feel dispatched, stoned concerned, angry, or perhaps very serious. ” (Kelly, 2009)
Kelly teaches which blinks need to be there for your reason minimize the stress enhance an actual emotion. In advance of an animator can even will animate a selected thought process, they should be know about the type to be able to determine what they would get feeling for a certain minute, in an attempt to achieve believable results.
The most important first step toward believable character acting starts with learn about a special character. Williams states,
“Got to get into the character. How much does he/she/it need? and even more exciting – how come the character need it? ” (2001, p. 20)
To develop your understanding of you wrote a character is thinking, and to provoke experiencing in a nature, these concerns need to be posed. Ed Tow hooks also describes to all of us that,
“Every character within a scene will answer often the question. ‘What am I executing? ’ rapid in a theatrical sense. In other words, what actions am I performing in pursuit of what objective? And exactly is the obstacle/conflict? ” (2005, p. 89)
Just like this unique, in the setting of representing for an visitors, Michael Chekhov suggests to,
“Ask by yourself what the key desires in the character may well be” (1953, p. 67)
This approach packages the field for any personality in order to discover exactly what the characters personality is trying to help portray regarding they are imagining or undertaking. Hooks information,
“If you intend to understand what a character is feeling, it is best to start asking the actual character is certainly thinking and his benefit system is. ” (2000, k. 2)
To learn how a character must go, the tegnefilmstegner needs to reason atmosphere plus influence with the obstacle how the character always be confronted with. Simply then can easily a thought process occur, including a feeling end up being evoked with a specific position or struggle. Jeff Lew (2004), communicates his thoughts on the development of a good character’s resource before finding out how a figure will react in any cartoon scene. The develops even more understanding of a new character’s background that could be substantial in influencing the way their particular emotions are actually expressed.
That evidence illustrates us there exists a lot of aspects contributing to developing a character’s emotionally charged state and to help make it it believable to the visitors. To develop his particular understanding of a character and what they are thinking, Erectile dysfunction Hooks works with a definition gave by Eileen Chekhov known as “Psychological Gesture”, which, Chekhov explains for the reason that psychology of a character made up of thoughts, reactions and a people free could which is portrayed physically as a result of external sensations, thoughts as well as desires. These sharp “claws” gives the example,
“Have you actually ever realized someone who wrings his possession a lot while he’s discussing? … Your Bully punches someone during the chest together with finger. It really is a psychological gesture. ” (2000, p. 66)
A brain gesture is surely an internal way of thinking, manifesting by itself into an external action to express an feeling. Chekhov gives you an drama example,
“The qualities of which fill and also permeate each muscle within the entire body, may provoke inside you thoughts of hate and dislike. ” (1953, p. 64)
The above, is amazingly similar to the technique animators process the breakthrough discovery of a character’s psychological motion by naming up ideas of how thought processes can affect the sentiments that are available.
Individuality animation, in the the traditional and computer channel, rely intensely on the classic animation guidelines that were determined by Disney Studios. This specific emphasises the way improvements in 3D computer animated software utilized as simply as a instrument for the design of movement, and does not depend on the computer to produce things take a look believable by itself.
Analysis has confirmed that operating techniques in animation are pretty much identical in order to stage and even film drama. It is the exaggeration of gestures and the capacity adapt a character in distinct detail of which sets it again apart.
It really is evident that this emotional talk about of a nature is a lead influence regarding it’s thought process. Thought process might be best attributed through mannerisms to enhance the emotion. This kind of research has result in discover that observation movements are one of the focal points which enhance some sort of characters notion. Emotions has to be manifested in an external, natural body motion, however small, in order to indulge an crowd.
The conclusion towards discussion has shown us that setting up empathy on account of expressing a great emotion, is key element regarding engaging just about any audience. Your character’s believability is successful whenever an audience can refer to it somehow or another. Sometimes it is done by giving an character the personality by means of mannerisms in addition to specific body gesture.